The Smart Fortwo ED is the quintessential city car but you'll be disappointed if you expect any more.
100miles (161 kms)
Based on EPA cycle
Latest Model Year2017
MSRP - Manufacturers Recommended Retail Price
|Top Speed||81 mph|
|Acceleration||11.1 seconds (0-60 mph)|
|Home Charging*||Full charge in 2.5 hours|
Slow (Home and some Public Chargers)
Each EV has an inbuilt charger capable of receiving AC power. The charging port could have different fittings depending on where you are in the world. Even the same vehicle model sold in different countries could have different implementations.
|Type 1 (SAE J1772 or "J Plug")
This plug is common in Australasia, Asia, the US and Canada.
|Type 2 (IEC 62196 or "Mennekes")
This plug is common in Europe.
Only available in some public chargers, this uses DC power to charge the battery directly. Each EV has a maximum speed at which it can be charged, and batteries are only fastcharged up to 80% capacity to ensure battery health. There are a number of different port configurations.
Many fast chargers will have multiple connectors, and power capacity (which is increasing as the technology improves).
CCS (Combined Charging System)
CCS ports are a combination of the slow charging port and an extra 2-pin socket. Therefore they can be either Type 1 or Type 2.
Developed in Japan, the CHAdeMO is common in vehicles such as the Nissan Leaf.
Tesla developed their own fastcharge connector, although in some countries without proprietary Tesla chargers, the vehicle has a cable to adapt to CHAdeMO or Type 2 CCS.
How Fast Can An EV Charge?
Slow charging (home and public)
Slow charging is limited by the lower of: the EV's onboard charging speed, or the output of the wall-mounted charger you are plugged into. Charging speed is measured in kilowatts(kW). For example: your wall-mounted charger can output 32 Amps at 240 volts = 7.68 kW of power, however your EV's onboard charger is 6.6 kW - then that is the maximum speed. The higher the battery capacity, the more time it takes to charge.
DC fast chargers are being built with higher capacities, however this is still limited by the hardware limitations the EV manufacturer has placed on the battery. Most DC fast chargers start at 40kW (many have a much higher capacity).
|Drive Train||Front Wheel Drive|
|Passenger Capacity||45.9 cu-ft|
|Cargo Capacity||9 cu-ft|
Sales Numbers (USA)
Cumulative Sales to Date (USA)
Smart ED Pros & Cons
The Smart Fortwo ED is the most compact electric vehicle on the road today. The question is, do big things come in this little package?
A Question of Range
Small electric vehicles destined for the city streets often have ambiguous ranges, and the Smart Fortwo ED is no different.
Officially, Smart say the Fortwo ED has a 100-mile range. However, in the real world, you’ll probably get 70-80 miles from the Fortwo ED’s minuscule 17.6-kWh battery pack.
One of the upsides to having such a small battery pack is it charges, relatively, quickly. A full charge from a Level 2, 240v power source will take about 2.5 hours but there’s no fast charging option available. Unfortunately, if you only have a Level 1, 120v power source available, charging will take 16.5 hours.
Performance Meant for the City
Even with the Fortwo ED’s 2,094 lbs weight, the 55 kW electric motor powering it doesn’t produce any outstanding performance figures.
It will take 11.1 seconds to get to 60 mph but, thanks to 118 ft-lb of torque, the Fortwo ED is nippy up to 30 mph. And this is what really matters in a car like the Fortwo ED because, honestly, when do you do 60 mph in the city? If you do need to hit the highway in a Fortwo ED, you’ll be happy to know it tops out at 81 mph.
The Smart Fortwo ED isn’t made for long distance or high-speed trips but it does handle itself well in the city. Just check out the Fortwo ED’s party piece, its turning circle, which comes in at only 22.8 feet.
Small but Smart
The 3-door, two seater Fortwo ED is by no means roomy but Smart has done well to utilize the space that it has.
Passengers can expect a total of 45.9 cubic feet of space in the cabin. The trunk has 9-12 cubic feet of storage, depending on if owners want to fill it to the ceiling.
Don’t Worry About the Battery
One of the benefits of buying a Smart is the Battery Assurance Plus program they offer.
You, effectively, lease the Fortwo ED’s battery from Smart, reducing the upfront purchase price. This also means you don’t have to worry about battery issues, as that’s Smart’s problem – not yours.
Manufacturer Sales Pagewww.smartusa.com
Credit to insideevs.com for sales data.