Volkswagen's e-Up is the quintessential city car with an electric powertrain, just don't forget to charge it.
99miles (159 kms)
Based on EPA cycle
Latest Model Year2017
MSRP - Manufacturers Recommended Retail Price
|Top Speed||80 mph|
|Acceleration||12.4 seconds (0-60 mph)|
|Home Charging*||Full charge in 4-6 hours|
Slow (Home and some Public Chargers)
Each EV has an inbuilt charger capable of receiving AC power. The charging port could have different fittings depending on where you are in the world. Even the same vehicle model sold in different countries could have different implementations.
|Type 1 (SAE J1772 or "J Plug")
This plug is common in Australasia, Asia, the US and Canada.
|Type 2 (IEC 62196 or "Mennekes")
This plug is common in Europe.
Only available in some public chargers, this uses DC power to charge the battery directly. Each EV has a maximum speed at which it can be charged, and batteries are only fastcharged up to 80% capacity to ensure battery health. There are a number of different port configurations.
Many fast chargers will have multiple connectors, and power capacity (which is increasing as the technology improves).
CCS (Combined Charging System)
CCS ports are a combination of the slow charging port and an extra 2-pin socket. Therefore they can be either Type 1 or Type 2.
Developed in Japan, the CHAdeMO is common in vehicles such as the Nissan Leaf.
Tesla developed their own fastcharge connector, although in some countries without proprietary Tesla chargers, the vehicle has a cable to adapt to CHAdeMO or Type 2 CCS.
How Fast Can An EV Charge?
Slow charging (home and public)
Slow charging is limited by the lower of: the EV's onboard charging speed, or the output of the wall-mounted charger you are plugged into. Charging speed is measured in kilowatts(kW). For example: your wall-mounted charger can output 32 Amps at 240 volts = 7.68 kW of power, however your EV's onboard charger is 6.6 kW - then that is the maximum speed. The higher the battery capacity, the more time it takes to charge.
DC fast chargers are being built with higher capacities, however this is still limited by the hardware limitations the EV manufacturer has placed on the battery. Most DC fast chargers start at 40kW (many have a much higher capacity).
|Drive Train||Front Wheel Drive|
Volkswagen e-Up! Pros & Cons
Like the e-Golf, Volkswagen has electrified another one of their gas models to make the e-Up. But, did they do as good a job on the 5-door e-Up as they did on the e-Golf?
Officially, the EPA-rated range of the e-Up is 99 miles, in reality, however, it isn’t so black and white. In summer the e-Up will do between 75-103 miles but in the winter this drops to somewhere between 50-75 miles.
This (pretty poor) range is thanks to the e-Up’s small battery, coming in at just 18.7 kW. But then the e-Up isn’t meant for big trips, it is the quintessential city car.
The e-Up’s small battery powers an equally small 60 kW electric motor, which produces 81-horsepower and 155 lb-ft of torque.
This motor gives the e-UP a top speed of 80 mph and means it will get to 60 mph in 12.4 seconds. These are easily some of the least impressive performance figures on the market. But, again, this isn’t what the e-Up is about and it does have enough pep for the city.
Much like the gas version, handling is an area the e-Up does shine in, and it’s good fun on the backroads. The battery pack has been placed under the floor, which helps to keep the center of gravity low.
Although the e-Up is a relatively cheap, small, city car it doesn’t lack creature comforts.
Standard equipment on the e-Up includes heated front seats, alloy wheels, a 5-inch color screen, cruise control, rear parking sensors, and emergency braking.
Charging the e-Up from a 110-120v Level 1 power source can take anywhere between 12 and 15 hours. Use a 240v Level 2 power source, however, and this drops to anywhere between 4 and 6 hours.
The e-Up does have DC-fast charging capabilities and, when used, will charge it to 80% in 30 minutes. Drivers of the e-Up can expect to get 116 MPGe with combined city/highway driving.