The XC40 is a new smaller SUV from Volvo that will come in both petrol, diesel, plug-in hybrid, and full electric variations.
220miles (354 kms)
Based on EPA cycle
Year of Release (Estimated)2019
Subject to change
Slow (Home and some Public Chargers)
Each EV has an inbuilt charger capable of receiving AC power. The charging port could have different fittings depending on where you are in the world. Even the same vehicle model sold in different countries could have different implementations.
|Type 1 (SAE J1772 or "J Plug")
This plug is common in Australasia, Asia, the US and Canada.
|Type 2 (IEC 62196 or "Mennekes")
This plug is common in Europe.
Only available in some public chargers, this uses DC power to charge the battery directly. Each EV has a maximum speed at which it can be charged, and batteries are only fastcharged up to 80% capacity to ensure battery health. There are a number of different port configurations.
Many fast chargers will have multiple connectors, and power capacity (which is increasing as the technology improves).
CCS (Combined Charging System)
CCS ports are a combination of the slow charging port and an extra 2-pin socket. Therefore they can be either Type 1 or Type 2.
Developed in Japan, the CHAdeMO is common in vehicles such as the Nissan Leaf.
Tesla developed their own fastcharge connector, although in some countries without proprietary Tesla chargers, the vehicle has a cable to adapt to CHAdeMO or Type 2 CCS.
How Fast Can An EV Charge?
Slow charging (home and public)
Slow charging is limited by the lower of: the EV's onboard charging speed, or the output of the wall-mounted charger you are plugged into. Charging speed is measured in kilowatts(kW). For example: your wall-mounted charger can output 32 Amps at 240 volts = 7.68 kW of power, however your EV's onboard charger is 6.6 kW - then that is the maximum speed. The higher the battery capacity, the more time it takes to charge.
DC fast chargers are being built with higher capacities, however this is still limited by the hardware limitations the EV manufacturer has placed on the battery. Most DC fast chargers start at 40kW (many have a much higher capacity).
The 2019 Volvo XC40 is a small crossover SUV that will come as plug-in hybrid and a full electric model. The vehicle is based on a new architecture (Compact Modular Architecture) that will allow a battery electric power train.
To begin with, 2.0-liter petrol or diesel versions will be offered (Starting at $36,000 in the US). Volvo has confirmed that the electric XC40 will be its second full EV to be produced, following on from a hatchback.
According to autonews: it will “have […] a price starting between $35,000 and $40,000.
Safety and driver assistance features on the XC40 include Volvo Cars’ Pilot Assist system, City Safety, Run-off Road protection and mitigation, Cross Traffic alert with brake support and the 360° Camera that helps drivers maneuver their car into tight parking spaces.